NEWS CENTER – After shedding light on the abundance of attacks with banned agents and bombs by the Turkish occupying state, explaining the history and impact of these weapons, and going into some detail about the role of supporters, the question that arises is where do the weapons actually come from that the Turkish occupying state uses against the guerrillas? As was already made clear in the previous part, NATO and the European states play a leading role in the implementation of the genocide against the Kurds.
Even if these states try to present themselves as states that defend human rights and even go to war for them, the reality shows that they are not concerned with human rights or democratic values, but their policies are primarily driven by their own interests. Therefore, it is also compatible with the conscience (if any) of these states to sell or transfer weapons and warfare agents that are outlawed and denounced in the international context to the Turkish occupying state, or to share knowledge and means to produce such weapons themselves.
The following section deals with the question of where the generally outlawed weapons used by the Turkish occupying state against the guerrillas come from and is divided into two parts. The first part deals specifically with the use of phosphorus bombs and chemical weapons, while the second part, which our news agency will publish tomorrow, deals with tactical nuclear weapons.
3.2 POISON GAS AND CHEMICAL WEAPONS
3.2.2 PULMONARY AGENTS – GREEN CROSS – GREEN CROSS
3.2.3 YELLOW CROSS MUSTART – YELLOW CROSS – SKIN COMBATANT
MUSTARD GAS- LOST
3.2.4 BLOOD WARFARE AGENT
HYDROGEN CYANIDE – HYDROCYANIC ACID
3.2.5 PSYCHOLOGICAL WARFARE AGENTS
3.2.6 OCULAR WARFARE AGENTS – WHITE CROSS/DRINKING GAS
3.4.3 ATOMIC DEMOLITION MUNITIONS (ADM)
4.2 THE ROLE OF THE IRAQI GOVERNMENT
4.4 WHERE DO THE WEAPONS COME FROM?
LINZENS TO KILL WITH PHOSPHORUS FROM ENGLAND.
Regarding the use of phosphorus bombs, statements of the British journalist Steve Sweeney, published in the May 2021 delegation report “Collusion, Conspiracy and Corruption: A Report on Turkish War Crimes and the Use of Chemical Weapons on the Ground,” were clearly made and in this framework he looked more closely at the role of England and stated:
- “It is also clear that the UK does not want its possible role in supplying weapons to Turkey to be in the spotlight. As outlined later in the report, around £77 million worth of arms have been sold since Boris Johnson took office in June 2019. And in the same year, it was revealed that the UK had given 70 licenses to Turkey for munitions that can be used with phosphorus (which is banned under international laws of war). Britain was also involved in a six-year secret drone deal that used the license for the “Hornet Bomb Rack” to fire precision missiles with lethal effects through the “Bayraktar TB2.” So, the country cannot be considered as an impartial spectator. Britain is very much involved in the war against the Kurd:in.”
GERMANY’S GLORIFYING ROLE IN THE USE OF CHEMICAL WEAPONS
In an interview, Murat Karayilan reported an odorless and sometimes fruit-smelling warfare agent. He made it clear that it was a nerve agent based on tabun. The smell of fruit and the symptoms also indicate this.
Tabun was discovered in 1936 by the German chemical company I.G. Farben and used by the Wehrmacht from 1942. Thousands of concentration camp prisoners died in the production of corresponding bombs and rockets. After the end of Nazi fascism, the USA and Great Britain took over the production of this warfare agent. Tabun was used by the Iraqi army in the 1988 poison gas attack on the town of Helebce in southern Kurdistan. The basic materials for Tabun had been supplied to the Saddam regime with the knowledge of the BND, among others.
In the same interview, Murat Karayilan said that the Turkish occupation army was in possession of the lung agent Grünkreuz, which was used against the guerrillas. Grünkreuz contains chloropicrin as its active ingredient. Although chloropicrin was discovered in Great Britain as early as 1848, it was first used by Germany in a combination of active ingredients in the combat agent Grünkreuz-1. The Ottoman Empire was closely allied with Germany during World War I and was supplied with Grünkreuz-1. Karayılan said in this regard:
- “Since then, the gas has been in Turkey’s hands. Maybe Turkey is producing it independently now, but of course there is a possibility that it will do it together with the Germans.”
Another agent used in southern Kurdistan is said to be a yellowish agent that attacks the skin, according to Murat Karayilan. The gas burns the skin. It is suspected that it could be so-called mustard gas, which is also known as yellow cross and is also a product of the German poison gas war in World War I. Mustard gas belongs to the group of loste. The name comes from two German chemists, Wilhelm Lommel and Wilhelm Steinkopf, who proposed using mustard gas as a combat agent in 1916. Mustard gas is believed to have been used in the Dersim genocide of 1937/38, when Mustafa Kemal Ataturk had thousands of Alevi Kurds gassed in caves. In May 2019, previously unknown documents from the Turkish State Archives had been published, showing that the so-called “Father of the Turks” Mustafa Kemal Atatürk had signed a secret decree on August 7, 1937, ordering 20 tons of chemical warfare agents and an automatic filling plant in Germany. The warfare agents purchased through the Turkish Embassy in Berlin were yellow cross/mustard gas and chloracetophenone, a substance similar to CS gas.
A 2011 report prepared by Dr. Jan van Aken states:
- “Production of Military CS Ammunition in Turkey In 2010, Bradford University in England produced a report that Turkey’s state-owned defense contractor Makina ve Kimya Endustrisi Kurumu (MKEK) produces and internationally markets 120mm caliber CS grenades (see Figure 1).4 The grenade, with the type designation “MKE MOD 251,” has a weight of over 17 kg and a range of over 8 km. This makes it completely unsuitable for use against demonstrations and exclusively for military use.5 Such a type of weapon is prohibited under the Chemical Weapons Convention (CWC).”
Although the agent was reportedly destroyed in Ankara after Bradford University informed the Turkish Embassy of the existing ban on these weapons, there is no evidence of the extent to which this weapon was actually destroyed.